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  Penguin Readers are graded at seven levels of difficulty from Easystarts to Level 6. Easystarts titles include the 200 most frequent headwords. As you move up the levels, more and more words and more complex grammar and language structures are gradually introduced.  
  Click on the level headings for information on what each level covers:  
     
 
Easystarts
 

Nouns
Singular forms and plural forms with s
Common irregular plural forms
Possessive form ('s)
Transparent compounds

Pronouns
Personal, subject and direct object
Demonstrative: this, that
(also as determiners)
Interrogative: Who? What?
It (+ be) in impersonal expressions

Determiners
Articles: a, an, the or zero + noun (phrase)
Cardinal numbers (also as pronouns): 1-100
Ordinal numbers (for dates): 1st-31st
Possessives
Quantifiers: some, any
Distributives: every, all + noun

Adjectives
Simple adjectives (attributive
and predicative)

 

Verbs
Parts of be, have, have got; There is/are
Positive imperative forms
Positive, negative and question forms
Short answers
Present simple (except negative questions)
Present continuous with present meaning
(except negative questions)
can for ability and permission; Let's

Adverbs
Some adverbs of frequency, place and time
Adjective +ly
Interrogatives: Where? When? Why?;
How (much/many)?
Intensifier: very
Additive: too

Conjunctions
and, but, or to join words, phrases, clauses

Sentences
Simple one-clause sentences
Two clauses joined with and, but or or
Direct speech + noun/pronoun + say/as


Level 1

As previous level plus

Nouns
Possessive form (s')
Gerunds for activities and pastimes

Pronouns
As indirect objects
Possessive
Demonstrative: these, those
(also determiners)
Interogative: Which? (also determiner)

Determiners
Cardinal numbers
(also as pronouns): 101-1,000
Demonstrative: these, those
(also pronouns)
Quantifers: a little, a lot of, much, many
Interogative Which...? (also pronoun)

 
 

Verbs
There was/were
Negative imperative forms
Present continuous with future meaning
Past simple of listed regular verbs
Irregular past forms: came/did/had/
said/was/were/went
going to
for prediction and intention
can for possibility
would like + noun phrase
-ing forms after like, stop
Infinitive forms after want, start, like

Conjunctions
because

Sentences
Two clauses joined with because


Level 2
 

As previous level plus

Pronouns
Indefinite: some-, no-, any-, every- (body/thing)

Determiners
Ordinal numbers: first - hundredth
Quantifiers with more
Distributives: another, other, each

Adjectives
Comparative: -er/more +
adjective...than, as ... as
Superlative: the -est (in/of), most + adjective
better, best, worse, worst, more, most

Verbs
Negative questions
Past simple of listed irregular verbs
will for offers, requests, and with future meaning
could for past ability and possibility
have to for obligation
would like + infinitive
Common phrasal verbs with transparent meanings
-ing forms after go, verbs of (dis)like

 

Adverbs
Adjective + (i)ly
How + adjective
Irregular adverbs of manner
Comparative: as...as too + adjective
Indefinite: somewhere, nowhere, anywhere, everywhere

Conjunctions
so, before, after, when

Sentences
Two clauses joined with so, before, after, when
Direct speech + subject/verb inversion
Reported speech with present tense
reporting verb
know, think, hope etc + that clause



Level 3
 

As previous level plus

Pronouns
Indefinite: someone, anyone, everyone
Interrogative: Whose? (also as determiner)
one/ones
Reflexive (but not for emphasis)
Relative: who, which, that

Determiners
the + adjective
All cardinal and ordinal numbers
Predeterminers: all
Relative: whose
Distributives: both, either, neither
a meaning per

Adjectives
Intensifiers: much, a bit, a lot
Adjective + to

Verbs
Present perfect simple
Past continuous
Passive forms: present and past forms of be + past participle
is/was/has been able to
can't to deny possibility
could for requests and suggestions
must for obligation
shall for suggestions, plans, offers
need (to)/needn't for necessity
should (positive only) for advice
would for desires, preferences
to + infinitive after what/where etc
Infinitives after permitted verbs and adjectives, with too/enough/very, after indefinite pronouns/adverbs, infinitive of purpose
Question tags: positive tag following negative statement and vice versa
Common phrasal verbs with non-transparent meanings

 

Adverbs
Comparative: -er/-est, more/most + adverb

Sentences
Sentences with more than two main clauses
Sentences with one main and one subordinate clause
Zero and first conditional
Defining relative clauses (but not embedded)
Clauses with wh words
Clauses ending in so, not
Reported speech with to + infinitive
Participle clauses
Adjectives/nouns + that clause



Level 4
 

As previous level plus

Pronouns
Indefinite: no one
Relative: whose
Reflexive, for emphasis
Reciprocal: each other
Pronoun + of, to, adjective, relative clause

Determiners
Predeterminer: such

Adjectives
Intensifiers: nearly as, just as, not quite as
Comparative/superlative with less/least
Adjective + enough

Verbs
Simple passive verb forms (except modal perfects)
Present and past continuous passive verb forms
Present simple for future reference
Present perfect continuous
Past perfect
have something done
make/let + infinitive
used to
was/were going to
had better for advice or desirability
may/might for possibility
must for deduced facts
should/ought to for advice, duty, desirability
would for hypothetical situations
Question tags: positive tag following
positive statement

 

Conjunctions
as well as

Sentences
Complex sentences where the relations between clauses are uncomplicated
Non-defining relative clauses
Second conditional
if
clauses after verbs of asking, wondering etc
Reported speech with past tense reporting verbs



Level 5
 

As previous level plus

Verbs
Past perfect continuous
Future continuous
get something done
may for permission
would for willingness/refusal

Conjunctions
as soon as

Sentences
Relative clauses: embedded, defining
Responses with so/neither/nor
Third conditional


Advanced
 

As previous level plus

Pronouns
Reciprocal: one another

Verbs
Future perfect
Modal perfects
might for a suggested course of action
must have/can't have for assumptions
should (have) for expectation
will (have) for assumptions
would for habitual past actions

Sentences
Mixed conditionals
Inversion after hardly, no sooner etc
-ing/wh- clause as subject
Sentences with wish + were/would/had


 
   
   
   
   
   
   
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